Integrated Energy System
Creating an integrated energy system is the key to lowering household and business energy costs. It entails integrating resources and ensuring proper allocation. It also includes a regulatory framework that encourages the development of decentralized energy systems.
Integrated energy systems necessitate a holistic approach that is not limited to the system’s various sectors. The coupling of energy carriers is an important aspect of the framework of the integrated energy system.
The main benefit of sector coupling is the adaptability it provides to accommodate variable renewable energy resources. Furthermore, it improves overall system flexibility. In the case of electricity, it can allow for more clean energy production, lower network investment costs, and lower CO2 emissions.
Germany has begun the process of implementing sector coupling in the energy sector. Integration of the power and hydrogen sectors, in particular, has been demonstrated to be operationally flexible. This includes allowing electrolyzers to provide power system ancillary services.
Another advantage of sector coupling is that it helps to decarbonize energy end user sectors through electrification. It also permits the use of industrial byproducts. The ultimate goal of sector coupling is to achieve net-zero greenhouse gas emissions.
CCHP systems are a new type of cogeneration system that combines heating and cooling into a single unit. This results in greater energy efficiency and a lower environmental impact. It lowers fuel and electricity costs while increasing operational flexibility at sites.
CCHP systems, as opposed to traditional cogeneration power plants, are decentralized, small-scale, and flexible. They can be used for a variety of purposes. CCHP can be used for industrial process heating, air conditioning, and cooling in addition to powering buildings. It can also be used to reduce CO2 emissions.
The prime mover, which is the mechanical apparatus that converts heat into electrical energy, is an important component of a CCHP system. CCHP systems have been developed using steam boilers, gas turbines, and microturbines.
Several studies have been conducted to investigate the performance of CCHP systems as well as the economic benefits of using CCHP. The main economic benefits of CCHP are determined by equipment and fuel costs, local climate conditions, and capital incentives.
Integrated energy planning
Integrated energy system (IES) planning is a method for developing long-term energy strategies and policies. Its purpose is to optimize the conversion of various types of heterogeneous energy streams into efficient and cost-effective energy solutions. It also conducts research on different technologies and their applications. IES planning entails systematic factor analysis and the development of sustainable energy strategies. It also aids in the development of optimal energy generation and storage profiles.
Renewable energy technology development today necessitates solid and dependable planning. Furthermore, the IESs application scenario focuses on the coordination of source-grid-load-storage. These three aspects are the most important aspects of energy consumption. As a result, the IES can take full advantage of the benefits of various energy sources.
Furthermore, the IESs planning and operation model takes carbon emission prices into account. The IES is expected to guide the energy system’s low-carbon transformation. The IES should be environmentally friendly and meet the requirements for environmental performance.
Regulatory framework to support the creation of decentralized energy systems
Creating a regulatory framework to support the development of decentralized energy systems is an important component of the EU’s renewable energy policy. It can also assist countries in dealing with security and resilience issues. Finally, it has the potential to increase access to clean, sustainable energy while also improving efficiency and affordability.
Until now, little thought has been given to the role of local governance in advancing distributed energy initiatives. This is especially true in Africa. A case study of Kenya and Malawi, on the other hand, can shed light on the challenges and potential solutions for implementing decentralized energy regimes.
The study focuses on the roles of local governments in governing distributed energy provision in the two countries. Kenya and Malawi are both undergoing significant energy sector reforms. These reforms, however, are being implemented at varying rates. As a result, distinct patterns emerge in governance processes. To investigate the real-world processes of decentralization, the study employs action research, which combines empirical research with social intervention.